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An extract from Armies of the Dark Ages 600-1066
by Ian Heath

This is such a vast subject that there are literally thousands of books that could be consulted to advantage. So many original chronicles and sagas are available in translation that they are not included in this list, which is largely confined to those modern works which are likely to be of the greatest value to readers wishing to delve deeper still into Dark Age military history, and many contain extensive bibliographies of their own. The bibliography in ‘Armies of Feudal Europe’ should also be consulted.

Alcock, Leslie. ‘Arthur’s Britain: History and Archaeology AD 367-634’ 1971
Bachrach, Bernard S. ‘Procopius, Agathias and the Frankish Military’ Speculum XLV, 1970
— ‘Merovingian Military Organisation 481-751’ 1972 [University of Minnesota Press]
— ‘A History of the Alans in the West’ [1973 University of Minnesota Press]
Barclay, C. N. ‘Battle 1066’ 1966
Beeler, John H. ‘Warfare in Feudal Europe 730-1200’ 1971
Benedikz, B. S. ‘The Evolution of the Varangian Regiment in the Byzantine Army’ Byzantinische Zeitschrift LXII, 1969
Bivar, A. D. H. ‘Cavalry Equipment and Tactics on the Euphrates Frontier’ Dumbarton Oaks Papers XXVI, 1972
Blöndal, Sigfus. ‘The Last Exploits of Harald Sigurdsson in Greek Service: A Chapter from the History of the Varangians’ Classica et Mediaevalia II, 1939
— revised and rewritten by Benedikz, B. S. ‘The Varangians of Byzantium’ 1978
Boba, I. ‘Nomads, Northmen and Slavs: Eastern Europe in the Ninth Century’ 1967
Bosworth, C. E. ‘Ghaznevid Military Organisation’ Der Islam XXXVI, 1960
— ‘The Ghaznavids, Their Empire in Afghanistan and Eastern Iran’ 1963
— ‘Military Organisation under the Buyids of Persia and Iraq’ Oriens XVIII-XIX, 1965-1966
— ‘The Armies of the Saffarids’ Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies XXXI, 1968
Brøndsted, Johannes. ‘The Vikings’ 1965
Brooks, E. W. ‘Arabic Lists of the Byzantine Themes’ Journal of Hellenic Studies XXI, 1901
Brooks, F. W. ‘The Battle of Stamford Bridge’ East Yorkshire Local History Series VI, 1956
Browning, Robert. ‘Byzantium and Bulgaria’ 1975
Burne, A. H. ‘The Battle of Badon — A Military Commentary’ History XXX, 1945
Bury, J. B. ‘The Imperial Administrative System in the Ninth Century’ Proceedings of the British Academy, Supplementary Papers I, 1911
— ‘A History of the Eastern Roman Empire from the Fall of Irene to the Accession of Basil I (802-867)’ 1912
— ‘A History of the Later Roman Empire from Arcadius to Irene (395-800)’ (2 volumes) 1923
Byrne, Francis John. ‘Irish Kings and High-Kings’ 1973
The Cambridge Medieval History (8 volumes) 1911-1936, volume IV second edition 1967
Campbell, Alistair. ‘The Battle of Brunanburh’ 1938
Clapham, J. H. ‘The Horsing of the Danes’ English Historical Review XXV, 1910
Davidson, H. R. Ellis. ‘The Sword in Anglo-Saxon England: Its Archaeology and Literature’ 1962
— ‘The Secret Weapon of Byzantium’ Byzantinische Zeitschrift LXVI, 1973
— ‘The Viking Road to Byzantium’ 1976
Dawkins, R. M. ‘The Later History of the Varangian Guard: Some Notes’ Journal of Roman Studies XXXVII, 1947
Denison, George T. ‘A History of Cavalry’ 1913
Dolley, R. H. ‘The Warships of the Later Roman Empire’ Journal of Roman Studies XXXVIII, 1948
Douglas, D. C. ‘William the Conqueror: The Norman Impact upon England’ 1964
— ‘The Norman Achievement’ 1969
Dozey, R. ‘Spanish Islam’ 1913
Dunlop, D. M. ‘A History of the Jewish Khazars’ 1954
Encyclopaedia of Islam (4 volumes) 1913-1929, second edition 1960- (in progress)
Ensslin, W. ‘The Byzantine Army’ Cambridge Medieval History volume IV, 1967
Estopanan, Sebastian Cirac. ‘Skyllitzes Matritensis Tomo I Reproduciones Y Miniaturas’ 1965
Finlay, George. ‘History of the Byzantine and Greek Empires from 716 to 1453’ (2 volumes) 1853-1854
Forbes, R. J. ‘Studies in Ancient Technology I’ 1964
— ‘Bitumen and Petroleum in Antiquity’
Furneaux, Rupert. ‘Conquest 1066’ 1966
Gabrieli, Francesco. ‘Muhammad and the Conquests of Islam’ 1968
Ganshof, François Louis. ‘Frankish Institutions under Charlemagne’ 1968
Gibbon, Edward, edited by Bury, J. B. ‘The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire’ (7 volumes) 1897-1902
Gibbs-Smith, Charles H. ‘The Bayeux Tapestry’ 1973
Gibson, Michael. ‘The Vikings’ 1972
Gilbert, John M. ‘Crossbows on Pictish Stones’ Proceedings of the Society of the Antiquaries of Scotland CVII, 1976
Glover, Richard. ‘English Warfare in 1066’ English Historical Review LXVII, 1952
Glubb, John Bagot. ‘The Great Arab Conquests’ 1963
— ‘The Course of Empire’ 1965
— ‘The Lost Centuries’ 1967
Guerdan, René. ‘Byzantium: Its Triumphs and Tragedy’ 1956
Haldon, J. F. ‘Solenarion: The Byzantine Crossbow?’ University of Birmingham Historical Journal XII, 1971
— ‘Some Aspects of Byzantine Military Technology from the Sixth to the Tenth Centuries’ Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies I, 1975
Heath, E. G. ‘The Grey Goose Wing’ 1973
Heath, Ian. ‘Byzantine Armies 886-1118’ 1979
Hewitt, John. ‘Ancient Armour and Weapons in Europe’ (3 volumes) 1855-1860
Hodgkin, Thomas. ‘Italy and Her Invaders, 363-814’ (8 volumes) 1892
Hollister, C. W. ‘Anglo-Saxon Military Institutions on the Eve of the Norman Conquest’ 1962
Howorth, H. H. ‘The Avars’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1889
Jones, Gwyn. ‘Egil Skallagrimsson in England’ Proceedings of the British Academy XXXVIII, 1952
— ‘A History of the Vikings’ 1968
Jenkins, Romilly. ‘Byzantium, the Imperial Centuries: AD 610-1071’ 1966
Koestler, Arthur. ‘The Thirteenth Tribe’ 1976
Laking, G. F. ‘A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries’ (5 volumes) 1920-1922
Lang, David Marshall. ‘The Bulgarians: From Pagan Times to the Ottoman Conquest’ 1976
Larson, Laurence Marcellus. ‘The King’s Household in England Before the Norman Conquest’ 1904
— ‘Canute the Great’ 1912
— ‘The Earliest Norwegian Laws: Being the Gulathing Law and the Frostathing Law’ 1935
Levy, Reuben. ‘The Social Structure of Islam’ 1957
Leyser, Karl. ‘The Battle of the Lech, 955: A Study in Tenth Century Warfare’ History L, 1965
— ‘Henry I and the Beginnings of the Saxon Empire’ English Historical Review LXXXIII, 1968
McClintock, H. F. ‘Old Irish and Highland Dress’ 1950
McEvedy, Colin. ‘The Penguin Atlas of Medieval History’ 1961
Macartney, C. A. ‘The Petchenegs’ Slavonic and East European Review VIII, 1929
— ‘The Magyars in the Ninth Century’ 1930
Maenchen-Helfen, Otto. ‘The World of the Huns’ 1973
Marwick, H. ‘Naval Defence in Norse Scotland’ Scottish Historical Review XXVIII, 1949
Megaw, B. R. S. and McClintock, H. F. ‘The Costume of the Gaelic Peoples’ Journal of the Manx Museum V, 1941-1946
Morris, John. ‘The Age of Arthur’ 1973
Munz, Peter. ‘Life in the Age of Charlemagne’ 1969
Nicolle, David. ‘Early Medieval Islamic Arms and Armour’ Gladius, Tomo Especial, 1976
Norman, Vesey. ‘The Medieval Soldier’ 1971
— and Pottinger, Don. ‘Warrior to Soldier 449-1660’ 1966
Oakeshott, Ewart. ‘The Archaeology of Weapons’ 1960
— ‘Dark Age Warrior’ 1974
Obolensky, Dimitri. ‘Byzantium and the Slavs: Collected Studies’ 1971
— ‘The Byzantine Commonwealth — Eastern Europe 500-1453’ 1971
O’Callaghan, Joseph F. ‘A History of Medieval Spain’ 1975
Oman, C. W. C. ‘The Dark Ages 476-918’ 1901
— ‘A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages’ (2 volumes) 1924
Ostrogorsky, G. ‘History of the Byzantine State’ 1952
Partington, J. R. ‘A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder’ 1960
Pope, A. U. ‘Survey of Persian Art’ (4 volumes) 1939
Rice, David Talbot (Editor). ‘The Dark Ages: The Making of European Civilization’ 1965
Robinson, H. Russell. ‘Oriental Armour’ 1967
Rodgers, W. L. ‘Naval Warfare Under Oars’ 1967
Runciman, Steven. ‘A History of the First Bulgarian Empire’ 1930
— ‘The Emperor Romanus Lecapenus and his Reign: A Study of Tenth Century Byzantium’ 1963
Ryan, John. ‘The Battle of Clontarf’ Journal of the Royal Society of the Antiquaries of Ireland LXVIII part I, 1938
Rynne, Etienne. ‘The Impact of the Vikings on Irish Weapons’ Atti del VI Congresso Internazionale delle Scienze Preistoriche e Protoistoriche volume III, 1966
Sawyer, P. H. ‘The Age of the Vikings’ 1971
Simpson, Jacqueline. ‘Everyday Life in the Viking Age’ 1967
Stenton, Frank M. ‘The Bayeux Tapestry: A Comprehensive Survey’ 1957
— ‘Anglo-Saxon England’ third edition 1971
Thompson, E. A. ‘The Goths in Spain’ 1969
Thordeman, Bengt. ‘The Asiatic Splint Armour in Europe’ Acta Archaeologia IV, 1933
Toynbee, Arnold. ‘Constantine Porphyrogenitus and his World’ 1973
Vasiliev, A. A. ‘The Goths in the Crimea’ 1936
— ‘The Russian Attack on Constantinople in 860’ 1946
— ‘History of the Byzantine Empire’ (2 volumes) 1971
Verbruggen, J. F. ‘The Art of Warfare in Western Europe during the Middle Ages’ 1977
Vernadsky, G. ‘The Origins of Russia’ 1959
Vinogradoff, P. ‘English Society in the 11th Century’ 1908
Watt, W. Montgomery. ‘The Majesty that was Islam: The Islamic World 661-1100’ 1974
— and Cachia, P. ‘Islamic Spain’
Weitzmann, Kurt. ‘The Joshua Roll’ 1948
White, Lynn. ‘Medieval Technology and Social Change’ 1962
Whitting, Philip (Editor). ‘Byzantium: An Introduction’ 1971
Wilson, D. M. ‘The Anglo-Saxons’ 1971
— and Foote, P. G. ‘The Viking Achievement’ 1970

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